To help you write the best content for your website, it is useful to know more about your natural writing style and preferences. You can use these insights to capitalize on your strengths and manage your weaknesses better.
To quite an extent, your writing style and preferences are influenced by your personality type. To discover your personality type complete the questions shown below.
For some questions, you might find it hard to make a selection because you relate to both options. In such cases, think about which option you prefer more, which describes you best and which applies to you more often.
Once you complete all the questions the page will refresh. Scroll back to this point, in order to see your 4 letter personality type. Then read on to find out what the 4 letters mean and how you can use it to your advantage.
The concept of Personality was first developed in 1921, by the Swiss psychologist Carl Jung. Then in the 1940s, Katherine Briggs and her daughter Isabel Myers, refined Jung’s concept of personality and started developing the Myers Briggs Personality Test. Their intention was to create an instrument, which would make the concept of personality type easier for people to understand and use in practical ways.
How does the Myers Briggs instrument define personality?
As per the Myers Briggs, to understand your personality you need to know more about the following:
- Where you prefer to focus your attention.
- How you prefer to digest information and what kind of information you notice naturally.
- How you like to make decisions.
- Whether you like to live in a more structured way or a more spontaneous way (or how you prefer to deal with the outer world).
There are two opposite preferences for each of these four points. In other words, there are two opposite ways in which you could perform each point. These preferences are explained in the table below.
You use all of these eight preferences at different points in time. For example, sometimes you might go about your day in a very structured/organized way and at other times you might take a more spontaneous approach.
However, you will use one preference in each row more often than the other and feel more comfortable using that preference. Think of it as writing with your dominant hand, which feels natural. When you use your dominant hand for writing, you are very comfortable and write without any effort. When you use the other hand, you can still write but have to put in a much greater effort to produce anything legible.
If you think about it, we go about our day doing two things 1) Taking in information 2) Making decisions based on that information. This is exactly, what the preferences in the middle (S-N, T-F) are concerned with. These two preferences form the core of your personality. The other two preferences (E-I, J-P) mostly indicate how you use the core preferences.
Your preference on each row of the table above indicates your Myers Briggs Personality Test Type. So if you prefer Extraversion (E), Intuition (N), Feeling (F) and Perceiving (P); then your personality type is ENFP. As you probably realised, there are 16 personality types, which are shown below.
Here are strengths and blind spots for the 16 personality type. Have a look at the description for your type.
The ENFJ Writing Personality: Expressive Harmony
ENFJs are natural communicators, both in writing and in speech. They write to express their values and to forge human connections. ENFJ writers enjoy projects that allow them to indulge their creativity and to establish their own goals. They are organized but sometimes impatient, which can lead them to skimp on facts that support their conclusions. If you’re an ENFJ, you may find it helpful to slow down and explore the landscape rather than racing toward the finish line.
Writing Process of the ENFJ
- Tend to estimate accurately how long a writing project will take. They generally dive into the first draft and develop a framework. You may find it helpful to start with the closing paragraph to give yourself an end point to strive for. Don’t let this limit you, though: be prepared to rearrange the structure and change your conclusions as you explore the subject in more depth.
- Focus their writing on their values and ideals. They use language to persuade. They want to influence people’s lives for the betterment of the individual and society. If you’re an ENFJ writer, focus on your talent for expressing a complex idea clearly. Recognize that this gift benefits your readers by helping them perform their tasks more effectively.
- Naturally adopt a conversational tone in their writing. Yet they often use imaginative and hyperbolic language to illustrate a point. They have a talent for seizing on subtleties and choosing the exact word to convey an idea. They consider how their writing affects their audience.
Potential Blind Spots of the ENFJ
- Tend to choose broad topics with wide-ranging effects on people. Be careful to limit the subject to what you can realistically explore in sufficient depth within the scope of the project. At the same time, don’t rush through the brainstorming process at the beginning. Tap into your creativity, letting one thought suggest another. Reflect on what aspects of the topic interest you most.
- Have little interest in subjects that don’t engage their sensibilities, because their writing is personal to them. Seek input from other people if you feel stuck. Consider how your audience feels about the subject. Find something to believe in, and advocate your position. Use anecdote and humor to connect to your readers.
- Become impatient if they feel a project is progressing too slowly, since they are motivated by their desire for completion, they can . Don’t waste time in the beginning trying to craft a graceful expression; let your ideas flow, then polish during revision. Accept that writing is a process, so you may not get immediate results. Don’t rush through the final stages; include facts that support personal stories or observations.
- Find it difficult to create the emotional distance needed to be objective. Don’t let a hasty conclusion skew your research. Be sure to include alternate points of view. Also, be careful to avoid a cursory treatment of the subject. Ask a friend or colleague to review the work, making sure you’ve provided sufficient detail.
The ENFP Writing Personality: Imaginative Voice
ENFP writers are creative souls with an ear for language. They find abundant inspiration in the world around them. But they can lose steam quickly if the topic is dull, which can lead to procrastination and missed deadlines. If you’re an ENFP, you’ll likely find that talking about the topic with others can help you maintain your interest and discover new approaches. Too much isolation can make writing a chore.
Writing Process of the ENFP
- Prefer to brainstorm before they start writing. They tend to see connections between unrelated things, so one idea will quickly generate another. Allow yourself plenty of time for this activity, but be sure to set an end date to keep your project on track. After the brainstorming phase, discard tangential ideas. Focus on the strongest ones so you don’t get overwhelmed when it comes time to flesh out the details.
- Work best when they have the freedom to follow their own process and timeline. Estimate how long you’ll need to complete each task, then add 50% as a cushion. Set milestones along the way. Incorporate time for breaks. If your energy wanes, meet with a friend for coffee or other libation, and discuss your ideas. If possible consider collaborating with a co-writer some times.
- Do their best writing when they feel personally invested in the topic. They use their strong sense of empathy to immerse themselves in the subject, much as actors immerse themselves in a character. To stay inspired, look for ways to connect the writing to your ideals. If you’re an ENFP writer, create a mental picture of your audience and use your writer’s voice to “speak” to them.
- Have a natural sense of the harmony of language and ideas. They hear in their mind how combinations of words sound together. They’re attuned to tone and implications. Use these qualities to incorporate your unique voice and perspective into your writing. Ultimately, that’s what readers respond to.
Potential Blind Spots of the ENFP
- Have the most energy at the beginning of a project, when inspiration first hits. Take advantage of this initial burst, but don’t get so engrossed in the project that you ignore basic needs like eating and sleeping. Remember to replenish your physical energy. You’ll get more done in the long run.
- Postpone starting a project if the topic doesn’t grab them. Instead, use your prolific imagination to find an angle that interests you. Look to newspapers, magazines, or the internet for inspiration. Write a strong opening paragraph to get your creativity flowing.
- Burn bright during the early stages of a project but fade before they reach the end. To avoid this pattern, take periodic breaks. Spend time with friends. Let the subject percolate in your unconscious mind. You’ll come back to the project with new inspiration for that final push toward completion.
- Have no great love for facts and details. Leave enough time at the end to check that you’ve included sufficient objective data. Strive for balance and fairness. Avoid over-reliance on personal insight. Ask a trusted friend to review your writing with a critical eye. Your work will be stronger for it.
The ENTJ Writing Personality: Confident Clarity
ENTJ writers are natural strategists, structuring their ideas before they begin writing. With their clear, coherent reasoning, they’re adept at unraveling complex material. But goal-oriented ENTJs will grow skeptical if the project seems to serve no useful purpose. Practical and efficient, they have little patience for activities or arguments they find illogical.
Writing Process of the ENTJ
- Like to start projects early. They often map out their ideas to visualize the big picture before they begin writing. They sense how various points flow together logically and build on one another. Because you develop a clear picture early on, you might reach a conclusion and begin writing before finishing your research. To ensure a balanced product, stay open to new information that may change your perspective.
- Want to master the subject they’re writing about. They enjoy the challenge of technical topics, and they focus on crafting clear, concise prose.
- Want to see a purpose in the writing project, otherwise their interest may wane. So try and find ways to convey your message, so that it has practical and concrete benefits for readers and maybe even some specific actions they can take.
- Want a good set of guidelines at the beginning of the project.
- Naturally write with an authoritative voice. ENTJs want to demonstrate competence in the subject they’re writing about. To boost your success, gather sufficient details to ensure that you have a thorough understanding of the topic. Humanize the writing by including anecdotes or otherwise engaging the reader’s interest.
Potential Blind Spots of the ENTJ
- Enjoy making decisions, and so may not respond to new data once they’ve got a clear, big-picture view of the topic. They may seek feedback from others but not act on it, relying instead on their own judgment. This unconscious tendency can cause you to miss important information—a failing that most ENTJs would find mortifying. Be aware of this tendency so you can consciously fight it.
- Sometimes be terse, with their desire for efficiency. Be sure to consider audience reaction. State how ideas relate to one another. Unless you’re writing for an audience of experts, assume readers know nothing about the topic. Include ample data to support your conclusions. In your eagerness to finish, don’t skimp on those touches that will elevate your writing from good to great.
- Value objectivity and be skeptical of emotional appeals. This can make their writing impersonal, even abrasive. A trusted editor can help you soften your tone to more effectively connect with the reader. Your arguments will be better received if you engage the heart as well as the mind.
The ENTP Writing Personality: Energetic Innovation
ENTP writers enjoy the planning stage. They may come up with many good ideas quickly. Often skilled at detecting patterns and envisioning outcomes, they trust their insight and resist prescribed methods. The writing process itself may prove tedious to them, but if they persevere, their work is often thorough and multifaceted.
Writing Process of the ENTP
- Are rarely at a loss for ideas. While many people struggle to find a topic, ENTP writers may have difficulty limiting themselves to just one. You may enjoy exploring controversial subjects or devising clever solutions to problems. Have fun playing with different possibilities, and see where they lead you.
- Can benefit from collaborative writing projects. Chances are, you prefer an active, high-energy environment. You may enjoy discussing and debating your ideas with others.
- May do well to compose an article, essay, or story by speaking into a voice recorder. If the thought of transcribing the recording sounds unbearably tedious to you, consider paying (or persuading) someone else to do it. To sustain your enthusiasm, gather visual elements to use in the piece. Devise your own strategies to make the writing process more interesting.
- Are motivated by a desire to innovate. They tend to seek a unique approach even to ordinary topics. Conversely, they tend to be good at making complex subjects clear and interesting. Stay focused, and let your desire to prove your competence and ingenuity drive you forward until the project is complete.
Potential Blind Spots of the ENTP
- Enjoy brainstorming but may not feel motivated to write until they feel the pressure of a deadline. To avoid a time crunch at the end of the project, set milestones along the way. Make your best guess of how long each step should take, then double it. Schedule enough time to take breaks so you can consider new possibilities. To stay energized, try working in a variety of settings.
- Excel at satire and humor can liven up their work. Make sure your tone is appropriate for the piece, however, and for the audience. You may find it helpful to include a personal story or two, rather than relying on cold logic alone to make your point.
- Tend to grasp the big picture and to focus on the future. Ensure that your work contains enough background material and concrete detail. To avoid tangents or a cursory treatment of the subject, keep the central thesis or purpose of the project in mind while writing. Solicit feedback from someone whose competence you trust.
The ESFJ Writing Personality: Friendly Conversation
ESFJs excel at relating fact-based information based on personal experience. They prefer writing about topics that affect people in tangible ways. ESFJs may begin a project by discussing it with others, but seek solitude for the final draft to avoid distractions.
Writing Process of the ESFJ
- Often enjoy telling stories based on personal experience. Consequently, their writing may take on a narrative form. The first draft may be largely anecdotal without a unifying thesis. ESFJs tend to organize their work during the revision process.
- Write for an audience and want to hear how people were affected by their work. A lack of feedback is likely to demotivated ESFJs. To avoid this, seek out environments/endeavours where people appreciate your dedication.
- May enjoy writing plays, skits, or videos that illustrate their topic. They like writing about events and people, and may therefore gravitate toward journalism.
- Dislike theoretical subjects. They want their work to help people in an immediate, tangible way. They may be drawn more towards areas such as medical writing.
Potential Blind Spots of the ESFJ
- Respect authority and often cite experts in their writing. Avoid over-reliance on others, particularly if the subject is unfamiliar, theoretical, or impersonal. Look for ways to draw on your own experience or to explore how the topic affects people.
- Prefer to discuss the topic than write about it. Schedule your writing activities to allow sufficient time for composition. If you feel stuck, do something active like taking a walk. List your ideas to help develop an internal dialogue.
- Dislike impersonal analysis. You may find it easier to begin by writing down how you feel about the subject. Then, fill in the objective data to round out the work. Avoid sentimentality and be sure to include the concept behind the story.
The ESFP Writing Personality: Spontaneous Joy
ESFP writers are positive and enthusiastic. They use humor and a sense of fun to foster harmonious interactions between people. They’re intensely aware of their physical surrounding and have an exuberant desire to experience life. They enjoy catchy phrases and are adept at using language to capture the essence of a moment.
Writing Process of the ESFP
- Tend to have a talent for language, especially spoken language. They enjoy relating anecdotes that convey an emotional or sensory experience. Their personal voice resonates in their writing.
- Gather a lot of material about a subject, particularly if it’s unfamiliar.
- When composing a first draft, they work best by brainstorming about whatever comes to mind. If they analyze too much at this stage, it breaks their flow of ideas, and they can get stuck.
- Develop their ideas by talking to others. To capture the conversation, use a voice recorder or ask the other person to take notes. Otherwise, you may not recognize a good idea in the moment, or you may forget about it before you get a chance to write it down.
- Build their topic around concrete elements like quotations. This may be a good approach to help organize a first draft. During the revision process, add your own unique perspective to avoid relying too much on other people’s ideas.
Potential Blind Spots of the ESFP
- Have difficulty starting a project if they don’t have a clear sense of direction. Identify the goals of the piece and develop an organizing framework. This will help you generate ideas and avoid tangents. Focus on how the topic affects people and on the immediate actions they can take in response.
- May procrastinate because writing is essentially an introverted activity. Be sure to schedule ample time for revision. The first drafts of ESFPs tend to be unfocused—full of ideas but without a unifying theme. Through subsequent drafts, you can isolate your best ideas and weave them together coherently.
- Like to visually capture the emotion of an experience by using italics, capitalization, and exclamation points. Depending on the topic or publication, this might not be appropriate. Rely instead on your distinctive voice and flair for language.
- Take too lighthearted an approach to a serious subject, or may fail to consider both sides of an argument. Ask a writer friend to review the piece. Request that the feedback be very specific.
The ESTJ Writing Personality: Decisive Logic
ESTJs excel at relating objective, fact-based information. They carefully schedule their writing activities so they can finish before the deadline. Adept at presenting a logical argument, they like to take a stand in their writing. They systematically develop their ideas, complete their project, and move on.
Writing Process of the ESTJ
- Begin scheduling a writing project as soon as they receive it. ESTJs jot down their ideas in a rough first draft to give themselves something tangible to work with. They’re usually quick to see a theme forming in the draft, and this theme guides them through the development of the project.
- Regard writing as a practical exercise rather than as a creative one. ESTJs want to meet their goals and do so logically and efficiently.
- Are adept at writing technical materials, such as procedures, that require them to be clear and matter-of-fact. Since they’re unlikely to view writing as a means of self-expression, ESTJs tend to be efficient at writing corporate documents like annual reports, which can be draining for most other types.
- Express their beliefs with a strong voice and conversational tone. They are unlikely to include any personally revealing information, however. ESTJs state their position, then back it up with concrete facts.
Potential Blind Spots of the ESTJ
- State their point too strongly and risk offending their audience. To avoid this, consider the reaction of a loved one who might disagree with you. Revise with that person in mind to soften your tone.
- Dislike writing about abstract ideas. Discussing the topic with a friend, particularly an intuitive type, may help you articulate an approach. Look for ways to add practical examples, such as case studies, to illustrate a theoretical concept.
- Become blocked if the assignment isn’t well defined. ESTJs want to limit their choices early and write toward a specific goal. Try picturing a specific person who exemplifies your audience, and write for that person.
The ESTP Writing Personality: Bold Action
ESTP writers are action-oriented. They focus on facts to solve concrete problems. They want goals and expectations to be established up front. They have little regard for rules that don’t help them meet their objectives.
Writing Process of the ESTP
- Begin by assembling a wide variety of facts. This gives them a detailed view of the topic. Then, they weed out what doesn’t fit.
- Seek clarity, and organize their material logically. Naturally competitive, they may enjoy writing about subjects that showcase their skills at troubleshooting or negotiating.
- Build their topic around a visual element. This might be a chart, a graphic—even a quotation. They may follow a template that’s worked in the past, rather than inventing something new. Just be sure to give a new slant on the old idea to keep it fresh.
- Prefer writing in an active environment where they can shape their ideas by discussing them with others. You may also want to use a voice recorder so you don’t have to work shackled to a computer.
Potential Blind Spots of the ESTP
- Procrastinate because they perform well under the pressure of a looming deadline. However, ESTPs don’t enjoy working quietly for long stretches. Be sure to schedule frequent breaks so you can re-energize.
- Enjoy factual analysis but have little enthusiasm for theories and abstractions. Orient your topic toward achieving results. Include a call to action.
- Fail to consider the audience. Where appropriate, incorporate a human element into your writing to help readers connect to the topic. Use your powers of persuasion to sway others to your point of view. Ask someone you trust to review your writing to make sure you’ve achieved the desired effect.
The INFJ Writing Personality: Eloquent Vision
If you’re an INFJ, the writing strategies you learned in school likely worked well for you. INFJs take to writing naturally. They enjoy working alone, reflecting on ideas, and expressing their vision. But the thought of using an outline may leave you feeling straitjacketed. INFJ writers organize their ideas internally, according to their own creative process. To feel comfortable, they need freedom to explore their insights and work through complex problems.
Writing Process of the INFJ
- Work best in a quiet environment where they won’t be interrupted. They reflect on their topic before they begin writing, mentally structuring the material and looking for patterns. Don’t allow yourself to be rushed into starting a project before you’re ready. INFJs are generally good at estimating how long this preparation stage will take. When they finally sit down to write, their ideas tend to be well-developed and organized. Their language may seem formal at first. If that’s the case for you, don’t fight it—you can soften this tendency during revision.
- Prefer writing about personal topics. You may encounter difficulty if the topic isn’t meaningful to you. If so, try different angles until you find one that engages you. For example, you can take pride in knowing that when you write clear instructions, you help your customers perform their tasks quickly and effectively. This sense of touching people’s lives is important to INFJ writers.
- Dislike writing according to a predetermined structure. They want control over their own creative process. Original and imaginative, INFJs are drawn to symbols. When revising a draft, search for a central, unifying theme, and articulate it for your reader. At the same time, avoid trying too hard to be unique. Instead, aim for authenticity.
Potential Blind Spots of the INFJ
- Strive too hard for eloquence. Avoid wasting time polishing an early draft or searching too long for the exact word. Instead, get your ideas down. Don’t be afraid to use clichés—wait until the revision stage to fix problems. There’s no point in perfecting something that may get cut later.
- Enjoy figurative language and infusing their work with a sense of their personal vision. As a result, however, their writing may be too abstract for their readers. During revision, add specifics and concrete details. It may seem boring to you but will help your readers.
- Communicate passionately about their beliefs. They tend to start writing before they finish their research, wanting to commit their insights to paper. Be sure to gather enough data to support your position, and include other points of view for balance. This is one arena where it may be healthy to indulge your perfectionist tendencies. Get the facts right to maintain credibility.
- Tend to be easily hurt by criticism, especially when it comes to their writing. Because they generally keep their writing private until they think it’s finished, they may not have a good sense of how it sounds to others. Consider showing your work to a trusted friend or colleague for advice before you begin the final draft. This will help you better connect with your audience, which is important to INFJs.
The INFP Writing Personality: Elegant Persuasion
INFPs have a natural aptitude for writing. In exploring this solitary pursuit, you can communicate your deeply held values and experiment with elegant, inventive uses of language. INFPs write best when their imagination is unfettered.
Writing Process of the INFP
- Work best in a quiet environment where they won’t be interrupted. They like autonomy so they can perfect their writing according to their own high standards.
- Prefer writing about personal topics. You may lose your creative drive if the subject isn’t meaningful to you. If so, try taking an angle that allows you to write about your feelings on the topic. Look for ways to connect with readers by anticipating and meeting their needs.
- Have a keen insight into the nature of things. Their prose often conveys startling images of mood or atmosphere rather than objects. They enjoy complexity and can patiently unravel dense material. They are able to see many sides of an argument and so may have difficulty reaching a conclusion. During the writing process, they may often pause to consider alternatives or to seek connections between seemingly disparate things.
Potential Blind Spots of the INFP
- Strive for elegance in language and may want to polish the work too soon. INFPs tend to write long, meandering first drafts, so you’ll likely need to synthesize and cut material later. Save the search for that perfect metaphor until the revision stage.
- Write in purely abstract terms. INFPs communicate their values and personal vision through their writing. They search for the meaning behind the facts, and so may consider the facts themselves to be of marginal importance. This is not true, however, for most of your readers. During revision, add concrete details. Appeal to the five senses. Include statistics. Incorporate other points of view for balance. Make sure your research backs up your conclusions.
- Tend to be sensitive to criticism. Nevertheless, consider showing your work to a trusted friend or colleague before you begin the final draft. This feedback may be especially helpful in focusing your work and ensuring that it includes enough facts to sway your audience to your position.
The INTJ Writing Personality: Creative Precision
INTJ writers are single-minded in their pursuits. They tend to envision the conclusion even before they begin writing. With a talent for analysis, they’re skilled at communicating about technical subjects. But pragmatic INTJs tend to dismiss subjects that don’t seem rational or useful. Visualizing the big picture, they integrate the theoretical with the practical.
Writing Process of the INTJ
- Are conceptualizers who tend to explore a narrow topic deeply. They take a systems approach, rather than a linear one, during the planning stage. They may start a project early to test their concept, then quickly drive toward the conclusion. Once the bones are in place, INTJs further develop the content, adding facts to flesh out their ideas. If you take this approach, you may find it useful during revision to challenge yourself to consider alternatives, rather than locking yourself in to your original premise.
- Like to work independently. INTJs require long periods of concentration to form mental models. They focus deeply on the task, blocking out distractions. To facilitate this, find a secluded place to work. Schedule your writing for a time when you won’t be interrupted. Let others know that you need time alone.
- Are innovative problem-solvers who want control over the product and the process. INTJs are confident in their vision and want to bring it to life. Their writing can have a sense of inevitability, presenting an orderly progression of facts and ideas that can lead to only one possible conclusion. Their authoritative voice can instill a sense of comfort and trust in readers. Make sure that trust is warranted—use your natural skepticism to seek out possible flaws in your reasoning and research.
- Are motivated by their personal vision. Original thinkers, they have little regard for convention. They want things to make sense according to their own logical standards, and they will discard anything that doesn’t. For this reason, they tend to enjoy technical subjects. They often use visual aids that support and clarify their writing. If you’re an INTJ, one path to success as a writer is to draw on your natural curiosity about how things work and your talent for explaining this for others.
Potential Blind Spots of the INTJ
- Tend to be good at weeding out information that isn’t pertinent to the project. Be sure to keep audience needs in mind, however. Concise is good; terse is not. Where appropriate, include personal anecdotes to engage the reader. Don’t scale down to mere facts.
- Want to control their work and express their original ideas. Make sure you do so within the parameters of what you need to write. Remember that you’re writing for an audience, not only for yourself.
- Set a high standard for themselves and can become frustrated if they can’t achieve it. Avoid pushing yourself toward an unrealistic goal. Tap into your desire for efficiency and recognize when 99% is good enough. And if you need help, ask for it. Other people don’t want you to be perfect—they want you to be human. Human is much more interesting.
The INTP Writing Personality: Rational Curiosity
INTP writers are curious and analytical. They enjoy technical subjects and seek to categorize information into an orderly system. With their insatiable appetite for knowledge, they may prefer research to writing. Objective and logical, they like to solve problems but tend to have little interest in ideas that can’t be proven.
Writing Process of the INTP
- Often regard a writing project as an opportunity to learn something new. They may start by gathering a wide variety of facts, then classifying them according to an underlying principle. They enjoy writing about abstract ideas and theories. One idea may quickly suggest another. You may need to limit your topic during the planning stage to keep it from becoming unwieldy.
- Prefer to work independently in a quiet environment. They like the flexibility of setting their own goals. They may spend long hours on a project if the subject engages them, becoming deeply invested in the outcome. Remember to keep the audience in mind to help ensure that your writing is as interesting to them as it is to you.
- Tend to be good at organizing ideas and weeding out logical inconsistency. They have a natural propensity for clarifying the complex. But they will likely need to make a conscious effort to include the personal dimensions of a topic. During revision, look for places where you can add examples or anecdotes, if appropriate, to illustrate the facts. This engages the reader and brings theoretical principles to life.
- Are motivated by their search for knowledge. They are unconventional thinkers with little regard for the common way of doing things. If you’re an INTP, chances are, formulas like “Top 5 Reasons Your Blog Should Have a Top 5 List” won’t appeal to you. Instead, you strive to surpass the ordinary.
Potential Blind Spots of the INTP
- Gravitate towards complex, theoretical subjects and sometimes make intuitive leaps that are unclear to their audience. To enhance readability, illustrate connections even if they seem obvious to you. Choose the simplest word that communicates an idea accurately. To ensure that your message is clear, ask for feedback from someone you trust.
- Enjoy seeking knowledge for its own sake. Once they’ve solved the puzzle, however, INTPs can lose interest in writing about what they’ve learned. You may find that it’s best to begin drafting even while you’re conducting your research. Treat the writing itself as a problem to solve. This may keep you energized until the project is complete.
- Can become blocked if they can’t find opportunities to make their unique ideas heard. If what you are writing about seems restrictive to you, challenge yourself to find a way to work within the system while still expressing your ingenuity. Instead of turning cynical, use your dry sense of humor.
The ISFJ Writing Personality: Tangible Warmth
ISFJs focus on facts, which they often convey with warmth. They feel more confident when able to follow a proven approach, and when instructions are clear. ISFJs like to complete their research and map out a first draft in their head before they begin writing. They are dedicated, thorough, and committed to meeting deadlines.
Writing Process of the ISFJ
- View writing as a form of personal expression. They often write about topics they care about, although they may not let their own beliefs shine through. They prefer to present the facts, which they may do in great detail, then let readers make up their own mind.
- Are self-motivated and self-directed. However, if they don’t have a clear understanding of people’s expectations, they may struggle in silence. When in doubt ask your audience what they want or find other ways to get this information. See what other (relevant) people are doing successfully. Concrete examples and information will help alleviate confusion.
- Prefer to write alone in a consistent environment free of interruptions. They often find it uncomfortable to brainstorm in a group. They prefer to research their topic first so they can be sure of getting the facts right.
- Enjoy reading and writing about history or biography, but are less likely to gravitate toward business or technical writing. If they do write about technology, they’re likely to prefer the tried-and-true to the cutting edge. When writing fiction, they can often be quite funny in conveying their observations about the foibles of human nature.
- Want to be of service to others, and naturally write in a manner that reflects this value. Keeping their audience in mind, they organize their ideas into an easy-to-follow progression. They have a strong sense of harmony—of what works on the page, and what doesn’t. They may also excel at sensory detail, drawing the reader in.
Potential Blind Spots of the ISFJ
ISFJs may experience the following pitfalls:
- May dislike writing about abstract concepts. If an assignment requires you to write about theory, look for ways to relate the ideas to your experience or to a specific, positive effect on people’s lives. ISFJs may also benefit from talking through the challenges they face in their writing—a trait that’s more typical of extraverts.
- May state the obvious or otherwise display a lack of confidence. To combat this tendency, ask for specific feedback from a trusted writer friend. This will help you gauge your ability to communicate your point and your reader’s ability to understand and make connections. Show your work only to someone whom you know to be supportive.
- May struggle with impersonal analysis. You may find it easier to be objective if you first write down how you feel about the topic. Then, you can temporarily set your beliefs aside and focus on forming a logical, balanced argument.
The ISFP Writing Personality: Quiet Music
ISFP writers are acutely aware of the sensations in their physical world. They are adept at conveying the feelings associated with texture, color, and sound. ISFPs want to connect with their audience on a personal level and can have difficulty writing if unsure of the audience’s expectations. Their focus on others is so strong that they may hesitate to express their own deeply held beliefs. But if they learn to trust their voice, they can communicate their gifts of quiet joy and keen perceptions to their readers.
Writing Process of the ISFP
- Want clear instructions/goals and a personal connection with their audience.
- Benefit from first-hand experience of their subject. Immersing yourself in the sensory experience of a place or an object helps you understand it and capture its essence.
- Engage in a physical activity before writing to unlock their creativity. If the topic is abstract or impersonal, reflect on its tangible implications, particularly its effect on people or animals. This connection may help motivate you through the project.
- Enjoy writing about the natural world. Focusing on a sensation, such as fragrance or flavor, can open a pathway into the subject matter. Look for ways to relate the topic to your personal experience. Think about the feelings that the experience evoked.
Potential Blind Spots of the ISFP
- Gather too much information if they don’t have a clear sense of direction. If you feel overwhelmed, ask for help or talk to a trusted friend. Connect the topic to your values. Write without inhibition and let your voice shine. Remember, your drafts are for your eyes only. They’re the rough stone from which you sculpt the finished product.
- Become blocked by criticism or by discord in their environment. Try writing in a quiet, outdoor space, where you can release your stress and immerse yourself in the natural world. Meditation or yoga may also help. Isolate yourself from negativity and listen to the music of your own thoughts and feelings.
- Feel paralyzed if expectations are too vague or too rigid. Consider how your writing can help people in specific and practical ways.
- Focus more on correctness than on content. Don’t be afraid to take a stand. Recognize that your insights are unique—most people lack your sensitivity. Consult a close friend to ensure that your points are logically developed and organized.
The ISTJ Writing Personality: Model Efficiency
ISTJs prefer to write about demonstrable facts. They like to follow a template that has worked well in the past, rather than seeking a new approach. They think through their ideas extensively before committing them to paper. Once they begin, they tend to write quickly from the draft developed in their head, making them very efficient.
Writing Process of the ISTJ
- View writing as a means of disseminating information. They often excel at business and scientific writing. They organize and present data sequentially. They like to include statistics to prove their point, and to illustrate it with visuals such as charts and graphs.
- When starting a project, want clear goals or a model to work from. They find it helpful to know what approach has succeeded in the past so they can use it as a framework.
- Generally work hard and meet deadlines. They prefer to write alone and in a quiet environment. They tend to be succinct and analytical. They are unlikely to use a thesaurus to add variety to their writing—instead, they focus on getting to the point.
- Have a large mental database of facts to draw on. These include sense memories, such as the taste of their grandmother’s zucchini bread or the smell of oil in their grandfather’s garage. In a creative project, you can draw on these memories to personalize your writing and bring it to life.
Potential Blind Spots of the ISTJ
- Produce a report, article, or paper that reads like a dry listing of facts. To combat this, avoid overusing statistics or citing too many experts. Instead, incorporate real-world examples to engage your readers.
- Fail to develop a unifying theme. To orient the reader, be sure to include a thesis statement or some other statement of purpose in the opening.
- Be too rigid, resisting the idea of adapting their work to an audience. They tend to view revision as unnecessary if expectations are established up front. However, showing your work to a colleague or friend helps you ensure that the concepts in your head made it onto the paper as you intended. Revision sharpens your message and makes your work stronger.
The ISTP Writing Personality: Extreme Knowledge
ISTP writers are keen observers with a vast store of knowledge on subjects that interest them. They enjoy learning about gadgets, about how they work and what problems they were invented to solve. Independent thinkers, ISTPs tend to be unswayed by other people’s expectations. ISTPs research a topic thoroughly before writing about it and base their conclusions on comprehensive, proven data.
Writing Process of the ISTP
- Want their writing to serve a practical purpose, such as explaining how to solve a problem. ISTPs tend to be good troubleshooters with broad, specific knowledge that they can apply in high-pressure situations. Choose topics that allow you to draw on this ability. Then, jot down your ideas while conducting your research, rather than writing in your head. This will help you focus your ideas early so you don’t waste time gathering extraneous information.
- Work independently and prefer a quiet environment. If you must write collaboratively, seek out tasks that will allow you to work alone or with someone whose expertise you value. Unlike most sensing types, ISTPs don’t want detailed instructions or specific feedback. They want general guidelines that allow them flexibility. They aren’t likely to follow rules they regard as useless.
- Bring a high level of mental energy to their projects. They enjoy taking risks and may need the pressure of a deadline to complete their tasks.
- Focus on known facts rather than original ideas. ISTPs aren’t interested in theory except as a way of exploring what’s tangible and demonstrable. They seek mastery rather than discovery, although this may mean applying a new technique to an old problem. ISTPs don’t want to be the first—they want to be the best.
Potential Blind Spots of the ISTP
- Focus on the concrete and avoid abstract concepts. As a result, their writing may lack a unifying theme that communicates the author’s purpose. Be sure to incorporate an organizing principle, such as problem–solution, to serve as a roadmap for the reader.
- Write to develop their ideas rather than to please an audience. If your goal is to communicate your ideas to others, be sure to organize your work so that the subject unfolds logically. This will likely come easily to you if you invest the time. Also, engage the reader by relating the subject to personal experience. If you don’t feel comfortable writing about your own experience, write about something you’ve observed.
- May inject their satirical sense of humor even into a serious subject. This can be engaging if done well. But if you aren’t careful to consider audience reaction, you risk offending the reader. Seek feedback from someone whose judgment you respect. Ask the person to identify any problems but not to offer solutions. ISTPs like to come up with their own solutions and feel constrained by other people’s ideas.
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